Compiled by Lady Isabelle de Foix


These sites are run by university professors, students and former students. They reflect the areas in which these people did their research. They are mainly traditional historical study sites, concerned with the political and intellectual life of the Middle Ages. Some of them are primary sources translated by modern scholars.


Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies—This is an excellent resource page for the medieval researcher. There are many primary sources and some excellent secondary sources as well.

Labrynth: This is another excellent overall Medieval Studies site from Georgetown University.

ECOLE (Early Church Online Encyclopedia)—excellent, excellent site full of primary sources from church councils and other occasions of note, glossary of famous mystics, saints, scholars and sinners, in-depth articles on various issues in the Middle Ages, mailing lists, much more.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook—This is the biggest Web site I’ve ever seen in my life! This excellent site contains countless links to every age of medieval history from the barbarian invasions to the Byzantine Empire to Jewish life in the Middle Ages to the rise of feudalism, the Crusades, intellectual life, and more than I could ever finish writing.

Medieval and Byzantine Studies site:

Gutenberg Digital—This page was originally issued as a CD-ROM by the Gottingen State and University Library for private study only. It contains the text of the Gotterberg Bible (printed in 1454), a biographical sketch of Johannes Gutenberg, a selection of well-known Bible verses compared to the original Greek and Hebrew texts, a description of the technology of Gutenberg’s printing press, and much more. This is a must-see—it’s like going to a museum!

Gregory of Tours (530-594) was a scholar who wrote a book called "The History of the Franks". Like other writers of his era Gregory did not observe strict historical accuracy, and the book is cluttered with an account of Creation. He eventually made it to the fifth century of our era, when the collapse of Roman Gaul was followed by the takeover of the land by the Franks, who gave France its German name. "Frank" is from the old German word for "free"; they were renowned for their hatred of Roman power and prided themselves on never having been under it. This book chronicles the early reigns of the first Frankish dynasty, the Merovingians.

The Salic Law—This site is a text of an ancient Germanic legal code dating from circa 500 A.D.

A text of the Magna Carta translated into English

Medieval Universities—This site describes the curriculum of the medieval universities of Paris, Bologna, Oxford, Cambridge and others. I t has links that describe many aspects of medieval education.

The University of Bologna: nine centuries of history. Although the exact date of the founding of the University of Bologna is unknown, Europe’s oldest university celebrated its nine hundredth anniversary in 1988. This site discusses this university’s role in the birth of the legal profession, the variety of students who studied at the university in the Middle Ages, and much more.

Statute of Pope Gregory IX for the University of Paris—In 1231, Pope Gregory issued statutes for the University of Paris. This document was called "Parens scientiarum" (Latin, "mother of sciences") and placed the University under the direct authority of the papacy.

The Works of Jean Froissart (c. 1333-c.1410), historian of English and French royalty, aristocracy, wars and politics.

Timeline of the Steppe Peoples—The steppes are a very large area of flat grassland extending east from the Vienna area to China. Over the course of many millennia many nomads roamed the steppes. Many of these came from the east and settled in Europe. This timeline starts with the prehistoric period and chronicles the development of language families, tribes and tribe confederations (Huns, Avars, Bulgars, Khazars, ad infinitum) and even the genesis of political disputes between the various tribes, and ends at 997 A.D. Warning" the proliferation of tribal names on this site may prove quite taxing on the memory.

Pope Urban II’s call for the First Crusade, Council of Clermont, 1095. This site contains the text of the pope’s speech calling for a holy war against the Moslems of the Middle East. A chronicler known to history as Fulcher of Chartres transcribed this particular manuscript.

ENGLISC listserver page. This is the page for a listserver that was organized for the study of Old English. The site also contains links to Old English texts, projects, a glossary, and more.

Normans in South Wales, 1070-1117. This online book discusses the land, people, economy, and social and political structure of Wales on the eve of the Norman Conquest of England. It goes on to discuss the impact of the Norman Conquest on Wales.

Roger Bacon (1214-1292) was a scientist who was the precursor to modern experimental science, a sharp departure from the "authority-quotation" proof method (use of an "authority" like Galen or Ptolemy to prove a proposition) which hindered science in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Here is his "Tract" of the Tincture and Oil of Antimony" which contains his philosophy as well as treatments for leprosy, stroke, epilepsy, and gout.

Biographical information on Roger Bacon—This site contains biographical information on Roger Bacon. It includes a list of his intellectual achievements and a description of his ideas.

Medieval Sciences page—This site includes sections of alchemy, medicine, physics, falconry and other animal-related topics, and many more sciences.

(note: the last part of that URL is medsci_index.html)

Rome Reborn: Renaissance humanists. The word "humanist" is used for Renaissance scholars because they were primarily interested in the study of human beings as individuals. Earlier scholars had approached the concept of humanity in a much more collective and community-oriented context. The humanists attempted to use the classics of the past, the great literature of ancient Greece and Rome, in the hope of making the world a better place to live. This site contains concise information about the leading humanists of the Renaissance.

The Renaissance: Symmetry, Shape, Size. This page illustrates the relationship between innovations in Renaissance art and mathematics. It also contains links to various articles that discuss various and sundry issues of the Renaissance.

This site contains historical maps of Europe, 01 A.D. to 1600 (in French). http://homer/

Jeanne La Pucelle and the Dying God—This is an interesting online booklet which explores a theory that Joan of Arc (Jeanne La Pucelle) was a member of an ancient pagan faith and that her death was a ritual sacrifice.

This site is a chronology of the Crusades. This is a cursory dateline of the Crusades for the novice researcher. The site contains useful links and references for more in-depth research.

Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages—This online book deals with life in early medieval Spain. The topics of the book include society and the economy, agriculture, settlements, urbanization and commerce, ethnic relations, and much more.

This is a primary source for the sack of Constantinople, 1204. A passionate, first-hand account of the infamous sacking of Constantinople which took place during the Fourth Crusade. A Greek writer, Nicetas Choniates, wrote this account.




This site contains Peter Abelard’s (1079—1142) autobiography, "The Story of My Misfortunes". This is an autobiography of one of the greatest intellectuals of the Middle Ages who just happened to be very human. It was the first autobiography written by a Catholic writer since Augustine wrote his "Confessions" in the fifth century of our era.

Statues for the University of Paris issued in 1215 by Robert de Courcon. This document opens a window on the life of a thirteenth-century university student.

This is a site about medieval games and pastimes. Do you ever wonder how the nobility in the Middle Ages goofed off when they weren’t fighting wars, supervising their serfs and other minions, dancing at balls, or feasting? This site answers your question! This site, maintained by a member of the SCA, contains information on many games played during our period.

Medieval Women—This is a site with information about noted medieval women writers, including Christine de Pizan (c. 1364—c.1430), Europe’s first lady professional writer, as well as a link to many reproductions of the Paston letters, written by members of a well-known middle-class English family between 1420 and 1504.

This link from the "Medieval Women" site is a series of descriptions of women in various stations in medieval French society with advice on coping with their very different problems. These descriptions were all written by Christine de Pizan, and portray divisions in late medieval society between social classes and age. These divisions were very rigid and very real; the role of a baroness, two town dwellers with husbands in different occupations, and interactions between young and old women are dealt with in these writings.

St. Francis of Assisi’s "Sermon to the Birds". St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182—1226) was one of the most popular saints of the Middle Ages. Many stories were told about him, many of them reflecting his love of nature. These included a charming story that he once preached a sermon to his feathered friends. The story and the text of the alleged sermon are on this site.

Regia Anglorium was a Latin term used by writers of early period England when referring to their native land. It means "Kingdoms of the English" and is the name of a modern medieval re-enactment society. Regia Anglorium members value authenticity above all else and reconstruct an early period England straight from the lives of the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Vikings, and other peoples who coalesced into the English nation. Visit a fictional pre-Conquest manor, Drengham, on this site; you might also want to check out a fictional estate, Wichamstow. Both of these are brilliant visual displays of life in a well-defined time and place. This is an early period persona’s virtual paradise.

"On a Collection of Ordinances of Chivalry". This is a collection of manuscripts dating from the fifteenth century and printed around 1900. It contains illuminations and various interesting texts on such diverse topics as rules of jousts, English coronation traditions, as assize of bread and ale, and much more.

Exceprts from the Book of Margery Kempe (c. 1373—c.1440) was a colorful, controversial and eccentric English mystic. This book was the first autobiography to be written in the English language. It is an excellent primary source for social and religious customs of late medieval England. The book is very graphic and contains descriptions of such diverse items as clothing and modes of travel.

Modern writings on Margery Kempe. http://anamcharacom/mystics/kempe.htm

This site contains 180 images of royalty and nobility feasting, cooks, kitchens, cooking pans, servers, workers on lunch break, and much more. All images are completely period.



Stefan’s Florilegium Archives—This site contains tons of documentation and/or information on just about everything, from feastcratting to stained glass to Celtic, Viking, Slavic, and Middle Eastern cultures. It it’s related to the SCA at all it’s here.

Early manuscripts from Oxford. This page contains original ancient and medieval manuscripts which are maintained at Oxford University in England. This page is for personal study only.

Medieval Calligraphy—Originally developed for a class at Harvard, this page contains a brief history of calligraphy, different scripts, the life of a medieval scribe, and more.

The life of King Edward the Confessor—This zoomable facsimile, now in the Cambridge University Library, is an excellent piece of thirteenth-century English illumination. It is the only copy of an illuminated Anglo-Norman verse life of Edward the Confessor still in existence. It was constructed around 1240 in Latin. There are a total of 37 folios and 64 pictures on this page.

Medieval woodcuts clipart collection—This site is a collection of medieval clipart from various period sources, mostly woodcuts from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The Bayeux Tapestry—This site has many detailed pictures of parts of this famous tapestry, constructed to commemorate the Norman Conquest.

Atlantia A&S Page— If you’re looking for anything in the arts and sciences, you’ll find it here.

Mistress Ellisif, OL, OP, from Aethelmarc maintains this excellent site. It contains much information on period music and dance, Viking topics, and loads of other cool stuff. Check it out!

Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry—This site contains the classic example of a medieval Book of Hours. This famous Book of Hours dates from the early fifteenth century. This site contains a description of a medieval book of hours, some information about the painters, the Limbourg brothers, and their techniques. There are also descriptive explanations of each illumination reproduced, as well as some information about the owner of the book, Duc Jean du Berry.

Basilique de St.-Denis, built in Paris in the twelfth century. This site contains pictures and descriptions of this historic church. The architecture contains some elements of what would become known as Gothic architecture—pointed arches, tall, slender pillars, and big windows to let plenty of light in. This was the form of architecture used for churches built between 1200 and 1550.

Leaning Tower of Pisa Official Page. This tower was begun in 1173, and was under construction, with many interruptions, for some two centuries. The tower was meant to be a vertical structure, but during a break in construction between 1272 and 1278 it was discovered that the tower had an inclination. This fascinating site includes detailed pictures of various parts of the Tower, the history of the Tower and some information on its unique inclination.

The Renaissance Tailor—This site includes an overview of sixteenth and seventeenth century clothing, sources, pattern development, tailoring techniques, and a glossary of tailoring vocabulary.

Cynscribe—This excellent calligraphy site contains information on Arabic, Celtic, Hebrew, Chinese and Japanese calligraphy. It also has information on bookbinding, papermaking, pens, heraldry, and much more.

Cathedral de Notre-Dame, Paris. This site contains pictures of this historic church, as well as many details which were constructed between 1163—1250.

Three churches on the way to Compostella—Compostella, in northwestern Spain, was one of the most popular pilgrimage destinations in the Middle Ages. Along the way pilgrims could stop in many churches. Three Romanesque churches were the best known of these. Romanesque architecture was characterized by rounded arches and squat, massive pillars. It got its name from its similarity to ancient Roman architecture and was used for church building between around 1050 and 1200. This site includes pictures of the exteriors and interiors of these churches with their many statues and other forms of ornamentation.

This site contains the entire text of a primary source on English Country Dance, "The English Dancing Master". It was written by one John Playford.

Basics of Byzantine Dress, circa 1000 A.D.

Knitting Period Stockings—This site contains detailed and complete directions on how to knit period stockings. This pattern is commonly called the Gunnister stocking pattern. This site’s documentation dates from 1627 but there is adequate evidence that this pattern is older.

Footwear of the Middle Ages—This is a page devoted to the description and methods of construction of medieval footwear. There is an emphasis on Britain and Scandinavia here, although there have been recent updates from Ireland and Germany. This is an online booklet written by Diarmuit Ui Dhuin, mka Marc Carlson, for the use of SCA members wishing to construct period footwear.

Naalbinding Basics—This site contains concise, detailed directions for this ancient Viking method of textile construction. Now, will they standardize the spelling of it?

Medieval Embroidery Web Page—This page has excellent pictures of various types of medieval embroidery work. The page includes a picture from an early period source, another from the Bayeux Tapestry, couch stitch, and blackwork.

The Costume Page—This is a list of costuming resources from every era all over the globe.

Frankish Costuming—This page is maintained by a member of a living history society called Angelcynn. They strive to be as authentic as possible. This lady was born in Germany and lives in England so she decided to wear Frankish garb.

Early Occitan Literature—This is an excellent site devoted to the troubadours. The first troubadours practiced their art in southern France, a region also known as Occitania. This site contains lyrics, in the original Occitan language, by the best-known troubadours. The first troubadour was one Duke Guilhelm d’Aquitania, to use the Occitan version of his name. We know him as Duke William of Aquitaine (1071—1127), the grandfather of Eleanor of Aquitaine.

(note: the last part of that URL is globegate_mirror/occit.html)

This is a page about troubadours and trouveres, period minstrels and songwriters, in French.

Here are more troubadour and trouvere links:

(note: the last part of that URL is globegate_mirror/occit.html)

This site contains a general overview of the musician in period:

This is an excellent page on the Cantigas de Santa Maria, music from northern Spain, which was a "bridge" between southern France and al-Andalus, Islamic Spain. http://www.pbm.cpm/~lindahl/cantigas/

Complete lyrical works of Bernart de Ventadorn, twelfth century troubadour from Aquitaine, in the Occitan language.

(note: the last part of that URL is bernart_de_ventadorn)

Les Capetians—Les Croisades (The Capetians—the Crusades)—This is an excellent page (in French) which contains sixty color slides. These include maps and manuscripts showing period architecture, furniture, clothing, and even the Inquisition at work.

Medieval and Renaissance Lathes—A lathe is an ancient tool that was used by the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and other ancient peoples. These artisams were called turners or throwers in English, but it was also used by pulleymakers, wheelwrights, chairmakers and other artisans.

Daz Buch von Gouter Spise—This site contains the entire text of a cooking manual which was organized by a proto-notary of the Archbishop of Wurzburg. It was put together between 1345 and 1354 and contains 101 recipes. The text is in German but is accompanied by an English translation. Some, but not all, of the recipes have been redacted.

The Goliards were poets who got their name from their patron saint, an alleged character named Golias, lord of the vagabonds. Their poems satirized the Church and exulted the joys and virtues of wine, women, and song. The famous Goliard poem "Confessions of Goliath" was written by a German knight known to history as the Archpoet. This site features this poem. The poem is a mock confession. It was composed around 1160.

Research by Duke Sir Cariadoc of the Bow—This site is still under construction; when it’s done, it will contain everything this talented gentle and his Lady has ever given us.




These sites are either online versions of medieval literary classics or commentary about them.

The Song of Roland—-This site is a complete reproduction of the first French literary masterpiece. This poem is believed to have been written between the First and Second Crusades, around 1130. The Crusade era mentality permeates this poem. The poem depicts the Christian Franks fighting the Moslems of Spain. Poetic liscence runs riot at the expense of historical accuracy; the story’s backdrop, the Battle of Roncevaux in 778, was actually a battle between the Franks and the Christian Basques of Pamplona who were none too pleased that Charlemagne had burned down their city wall. What sets this work apart and makes it a classic is that it is much more than a religious or political diatribe. It is a portrayal of two different interpretations of the concept of chivalry in the Middle Ages. Roland represents the martial, proud, and courageous aspect of the chivalry ethic while his best friend Oliviers represents chivalry in the form of wisdom and consideration of others. An anonymous Norman French writer wrote the poem; the manuscript was found in an Oxford library in the nineteenth century.

The High History of the Holy Graal—The spelling of the word I’m used to spelling "Grail" isn’t the only strange thing about this site. Check it out, you won’t get bored!

This is a site devoted to Marie de France, one of the most mysterious writers of the Middle Ages. Even her nationality is a matter of controversy; she was active in the twelfth century. This site also contains bits and pieces of stories from the Arthurian Cycle.

The Luminarium. This excellent site is an anthology of medieval, Renaissance, and seventeenth-century English literature. The medieval section includes texts of "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight", the works of Chaucer, and the morality play "Everyman". The Renaissance section includes works by anad about Sir Thomas More (1478—1535), humanist and martyr, Edmund Spencer’s "Faerie Queen" about Queen Elizabeth I, and more.

Praise of Folly—Erasmus of Rotterdam (c. 1466—1536), one of the greatest of the Renaissance humanists, claimed that he’d written this book in seven days in 1509. It is a biting, humorous satire on European society in the early sixteenth century. This particular translation dates from 1688.

Giovanni Boccaccio wrote the "Decameron" during the Black Death in 1348. It is about seven ladies and three men who’ve gotten the heck out of town to escape the deadly epidemic and spend ten days at a luxurious villa in the country. Every day, one of them tells the others a story. These ten stories are told in the "Decameron", reproduced here.

Dante Alighiere (1265—1321), who was heavily influenced by the troubadour poetry of southern France and northern Italy, was the author of a poem commonly considered to have been the greatest poem of the Middle Ages. This poem, the "Divine Comedy", describes a visit to Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise.




William Wallace: The Truth—This site is from the BBC Education Web Guide. It contains the story of Scotland’s martyred nationalist hero.

Gwenllian’s Poetry Primer—This site is a primer of Welsh poetry and poetic forms based on classifications made by fourteenth-century Welsh poets.

Medieval Irish poetry—This site includes medieval Irish poems with translations into English and descriptions of medieval Irish poetic forms.

Celtic Heart—Excellent site containing information on Celtic folklore, arts, history, calendars, and culture. This site includes the "Encyclopedia of the Celts", a large, in-depth source of knowledge for all things Celtic.

Clothing of the ancient Celts—This site contains information about Scottish garb from 1100-1600, Irish garb from the fifth through the tenth centuries, types of sheep in medieval Scotland used for wool textile construction, an explanation of what I call "The Great Kilt Urban Legend", patterns, and other resources.

This is an excellent site for Scottish studies.

Ireland History in Maps—This excellent site is a sequence of historical maps of Ireland accompanied by historical information for each map. The first map is dated B.C. and tells the mythological beginning stories of the Irish people. There is a map for 100 A.D, 150 A.D, and each century thereafter. The first maps are mainly mythology; the historical accuracy starts to improve with the map from 500 A.D. This site also includes information about old Irish family names and clans as well as a historical timeline for each century. This site is an excellent resource for name research.




Viking Network Web—This site is bilingual, in Icelandic and English. It contains links on daily life, a description of a Viking raid, Viking trading activities, and a map of all of the lands where Vikings raided and settled.

History of the Norse Kings (Heimskringla) written by Snorri Sturluson (c. 1179-1241). This text was translated into English in 1844.

Food and Feud in Saga Iceland—This is an essay on the Icelandic Family Sagas (Islendingasogur) containing stories about the early Norse settlements in Iceland. There are about forty of these stories written in prose.

This page contains many sagas and Eddas in both Old Norse and Modern English. http://www.squirrel/asatru/free_on.html

(note: the end of the URL is free_on.html)



Novgorod Chronicle: Selected Annals. This site contains a time line of the life of the people of medieval Novgorod, dated from 1016—1445. It is from the Medieval and Byzantine Studies site listed above. I found it so you wouldn’t have to!

The earliest Ruskaia Pravda ("Russian Justice"), the first Russian legal code, was issued between 1036 and 1054 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev. It's online here.

Women’s Clothing in Kievan Rus—This is a detailed description of women’s clothing in Russia from the Kievan Rus period (here dated 800—1233) through the fifteenth century. It describes the clothing of peasants, town dwellers and princesses. It includes descriptions of hats, footwear and jewelry.

Completorium—This early Polish music site includes MIDI files, MP3’s, lists of composers, essays and sources. One of the songs included is the earliest known song written in Polish, "Bogurodzica" ("Mother of God"), which at one point was a war song of Polish knights.

Slavic Interest Group—This site is provided by the Slavic Interest Group, which is an information network for Central and Eastern European arts and sciences. Peoples and nationalities represented include Russia, Poland, the Czechs, Moravians and Slovaks, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Georgia, and Estonia.

An excellent in-depth study page of the early period Czechs and the Moravians maintained by a Prague-based member of the Slavic Interest Group.

Basic Overview of Russian Costuming: the Quick and Dirty Way. This site covers three periods of Russian garb history, the Kievan Rus (very early settlements—1240), the Mongolian Occupation (1240—1400), and the Muscovite (1400—post-period) periods.




Tribe Zarafeet is a Middle Eastern household in Meridies. They maintain this web site for Middle Eastern resources.

Baghdad: Center of Medieval Middle Eastern Civilization. This site is home of a translation from a ninth century C.E. geographical dictionary of an article about o ne of the greatest cities of the medieval Middle East.

This site on Middle Eastern culture contains an informative and interesting essay on a philosophical group with centers around the Islamic world. They lived in communities and had an organizational structure similar to that of the Freemasons. They helped maintain the legacy of ancient Greek classics which the Islamic world in turn transmitted to the Europeans.

(note: the end of this URL is 106_other_islam/rel-elo2.htm)

Art of Arabic Calligraphy—This site contains four articles on the history of alphabets in the Middle East and the development of Arabic calligraphy.

Caravanserais—Caravanserais were inns in medieval Anatolia (modern Turkey). This site, owned by a native of Turkey, describes these inns. These descriptions include the services they provided to travelers, the various types of architecture employed in their construction, as well as an essay on natural roads in Anatolia.

Asim’s Middle Eastern Dance Link Site—This site has links to both mundane and SCA Middle Eastern dance and music sites.

Shirin al Hasana’s Web page—This page is maintained by an SCA member with a Middle Eastern persona. She has various links to Middle Eastern dance and music sites as well as links to Celtic and Norse information pages. These included spinning, embroidery, and other textile arts.

Coffee and Coffeehouses in the Medieval Middle East—This online booklet contains a history of coffee. It starts with its obscure origins in Yemen and follows the growth of its popularity in the Moslem world, along with accounts of disputes amongst Moslems as to the morality of its consumption.





King Rene’s Tournament Book—This site contains a Modern English translation of a book written circa 1460 by Rene, a claimant to the thrones of Jerusalem and Sicily, on how to hold a tournament. This site includes both the French original and a translation into Modern English.

An analysis of Jean Froissart’s (who lived c. 1333—c. 1410) account of the Tournament at St. Inglivent, which was held in the fourteenth century near Calais, France.

Armor Archive—excellent armoring site includes patterns for armor-making and other useful information for the SCA fighter.

A Mailmaker’s Guide, Fourth Edition. This site contained detailed directions for every piece of chain mail you’ll ever need. It’s written by two SCA armorers from the U.K, Lord Paul de Gorey and Robert Fitz John.

Dylan’s Fencing Page—This site contains several period texts on rapier fighting. It also contains links to other SCA fencing sites.

Rapier 101: Introductory Class to Rapier Fighting in the SCA. This site covers fencing history, equipment, and various styles of rapier and fencing combat.

The Perfect Armor: Instructions by Duke Sir Cariadoc of the Bow from his Miscellany on making hardened leather armor using beeswax for the hardening of the leather. His Grace has since changed his mind about the periodicity of the use of beeswax for this purpose and now uses water to harden his leather. Consequently there are instructions on how to use water to harden your leather and construct armor out of it.

(note: the last part of that URL is perfect_armor.html)




Making Children Smile—This is a site for goslings and those who have goslings in the SCA. It contains tips for children’s activities, a list of "activities for the month", children’s games, teen-related sites, and more.

Middle Kingdom Waterbearers Homepage, geared mostly toward waterbearing at Pennsic but containing excellent advice for every waterbearer.

Chirurgeon’s Point—Links, forms, articles and other items for the SCA chirurgeon.

Medieval pavilion resources—Do you need a period-style tent or pavilion? This site contains information on the Known World Architecture Guild, over 100 tent/ pavilion links, answers to fabric questions, and much more.

This site contains instructions on building medieval furniture, including a bed!